CFPHR letter to Sen. Reid insisting on public hearings on any proposed legislation to alter the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA)
CFPHR letter to Hons. Pelosi and Reid concerned that the Protect America Act of 2007 may be used to justify the warrantless interception of any international communications by U.S. persons without any restriction on the subsequent review and data mining of the metadata concerning those calls or the content of the communications themselves September 4, 2007.
Letter on FISA“>FISA Letter
Honorable Nancy Pelosi
United States House of Representatives
Washington, D.C. 20515-0508
Honorable Harry Reid
United States Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510-2803
September 4, 2007
Dear Speaker Pelosi and Leader Reid,
We are organizations that believe that our nation’s surveillance laws can effectively target terrorists without jeopardizing the rights of innocent United States persons. We are very concerned that the recently enacted Protect America Act of 2007 may be used to justify the warrantless interception of any international communications by U.S. persons without any restriction on the subsequent review and data mining of the metadata concerning those calls or the content of the communications themselves.
We are encouraged by your requests to the Judiciary and Intelligence Committees to once again delve into the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) and reinsert much needed privacy protections that were lacking in the last iteration. It stands to reason that just as the level of intrusion into U.S. persons’ communications is dramatically increased, so too must be the protections for those communications. To that end, we would like to share basic principles that must be respected to ensure that U.S. persons’ electronic communications are protected from unwarranted government intrusion:
1. No amendments to FISA should be made permanent until Congress and the public receive answers about what surveillance activities have been conducted over the last six years and the legal basis for those programs. Further, information regarding how the authorities provided for in the Protect America Act are being interpreted and implemented by the National Security Agency should be shared with Congress. To facilitate Congress’ legislative efforts, the NSA should be required to articulate with specificity the problems it identified in the prior law and whether and how the Protect America Act responds to those problems.
2. Any further legislation must reiterate that FISA is the exclusive means of intelligence gathering on U.S. soil, and the legislation must include automatic consequences for violating this exclusivity. As initially enacted by Congress, the exclusivity of FISA was unambiguous. This new exercise in defining the lawful extent of surveillance authorities will be useless if the resulting legislation can be ignored. We further recommend that any new legislation state explicitly that the Authorizations for the Use of Military Force in Afghanistan and Iraq do not authorize any surveillance outside FISA. Additionally, we recommend that the NSA be required to report to Congress repeatedly on its implementation of any new surveillance activities conducted pursuant to FISA.
3. Interceptions of U.S. persons’ communications within the United States should continue to be included within, and, therefore, be protected by the definition of “electronic surveillance.” The Protect America Act’s apparent elimination of this protection should be repealed.
4. Collection and isolation of the particular communications sought by the government should be conducted by the telecommunications industry itself – the government should not be given direct and unfettered access to telecommunications infrastructure. We are concerned that the Protect America Act appears to allow the government to “sit on the line” and scoop up all communications and sort through them later. Instead, the government should receive only the information it is authorized to intercept by law.
5. The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC) must play a meaningful role in ensuring compliance with the law. First and foremost, interception of communications to and from the US should be authorized by the FISC. The Court must also have regular access to information about how many U.S. communications are being collected.
6. Under any new amendment to FISA established in your legislation, when the government intercepts a communication to which a person in the U.S. is a party, there should be a presumption requiring the NSA to immediately destroy that communication except in narrowly defined circumstances providing for judicial oversight.
7. Once the government has reason to believe that there is a substantial likelihood that a specific account, person or facility will have contact with someone in the United States, the government should be required to return to the FISC to obtain a court order for continued surveillance of that account, person or facility. Reliance on the FISC will help ensure the privacy of U.S. persons’ communications.
We are happy to discuss more precise language to effectuate these changes. We understand that the Administration’s original intent was to allow easier collection of communications of people abroad that are incidentally routed through the United States. We look forward to working with you and the Committees to rein in this limitless program and devise one that actually gives the government access to these communications without jeopardizing the rights of people in the United States.
American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee
American Association of Law Libraries
American Civil Liberties Union
American Library Association
American’s Right to Privacy Association of Research Libraries
Bill of Rights Defense Committee
Center for Democracy and Technology
Center for Financial Privacy and Human Rights
Doctors for Open Government
Electronic Frontier Foundation
EnviroJustice Essential Information
Ethics in Government
Group Fund for Constitutional Government
The Multiracial Activst
National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers
National Coalition Against Censorship
National Lawyers Guild – National Office
Natural Solutions Foundation
New Grady Coalition
Pain Relief Network
PEN American Center
People for the American Way Policy
International Privacy Journal
Rep. Bob Barr (R-GA)
Republican Liberty Caucus
The Rutherford Institute
Special Libraries Association
Student Health Integrity Project
U.S. Bill of Rights Foundation
United Methodist Church, General Board of Church and Society
World Privacy Forum
State and Regional Organizations:
Fresno Stonewall Democrats Glendale Education and Social Justice Advocates Interfaith Communities United for Peace and Justice, Pasadena Pax Christi Southern California, Los Angeles Physicians for Social Responsibility, Sacramento Privacy Activism, San Francisco St. Camillus Center for Pastoral Care, Los Angeles Teach Peace Foundation, Davis Women For: Orange County, Irvine Yolo County ACLU, Davis
Bill of Rights Supporters of Fort Collins Fort Collins Iraq Withdrawal The Freethinkers of Colorado Springs Longmont Citizens for Justice and Democracy Pikes Peak Justice and Peace Coalition, Colorado Springs Rocky Mountain Peace & Justice Center, Boulder Strength Through Peace, Fort Collins
Tampa – Safe and Free Military Families Speak Out, Florida Chapter Peace Now Citrus County Progressive Democrats of America Sugarcrats, Citrus County Veterans For Peace, Central Florida Chapter 136 Veterans for Peace, Gainesville chapter
Greater Atlanta Bill of Rights Campaign Georgians for Open Government
Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights Chicagoland Coalition for Civil Liberties and Rights
ACLU of Iowa Iowa City Bill of Rights Defense Committee
C3, New Orleans
Bienville House Center for Peace and Justice, Baton Rouge Coalition Against War and Injustice, Baton Rouge
Cape Cod Bill of Rights Defense Committee The Chatham Peace Initiative Citizens for an Informed Community, Bridgewater Pioneer Valley Committee Against Secrecy and Torture, Northampton SAGE, Amherst
Minnesota Bill of Rights Defense Committee, Minneapolis/St. Paul Minnesota Coalition on Government Information
The Sanctuary for Freedom/Civil Liberties Campaign, Kansas City
Central Jersey Coalition Against Endless War Mercer County Coalition for Civil Liberties Trenton Citizens for Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights Defense Campaign in Westchester, NY Center for Law and Justice, Albany Dr. Dhafir Support Committee, Syracuse Greater Rochester Libertarian Party
Muslim Solidarity Committee, Albany The Muslim Solidarity Committee of Bethlehem Neighbors for Peace, Delmar New York Civil Liberties Union Capital Region Chapter, Albany Save the Pine Bush, Albany The Community Empowerment Center, Albany Tompkins County Bill of Rights Defense Committee Westchester Progressive Forum Women Against War, Delmar
Durham Bill of Rights Defense Committee
Applegate Citizens for Political Change Bandon Bill of Rights Defense Committee Benton County Bill of Rights Defense Committee Citizens for Peace and Justice, Medford Grants Pass Veterans for Peace Lane County Bill of Rights Defense Committee
Oregon Womens’ Action for New Directions, Eugene Pacific Green Party of Coos County Rights 101, Portland Social Justice Alliance of Josephine County
Kutztown Area Democratic Club
Carolina Peace Resource Center
Bill of Rights Defense Committee of Greater Dallas
Patriotic Response to Renegade Government Connecticut River Valley Council on Public Policy
Fairfax County Privacy Council
Coupeville Peace & Reconciliation/Coupeville Bill of Rights Defense Committee Jefferson County Bill of Rights Defense Committee, Port Townsend
Cc: Chairman Reyes, Ranking Member Hoekstra, Chairman Conyers, Ranking Member Smith